The impact of stroke can be short- and long-term, depending on which part of the brain is affected and how quickly it is treated. Stroke survivors can experience wide-ranging disabilities including difficulties with mobility and speech, as well as how they think and feel.
The typical patient loses 1.9 million neurons each minute in which stroke is untreated. Unblocking the artery in the first few hours can reduce damage and improve outcomes. That is why getting to hospital as soon as symptoms appear is crucial as hyperacute stroke treatments may be available to them.
What is FAST?
FAST requires an assessment of three specific symptoms of stroke.
- Facial weakness - can the person smile? Has their mouth or eye drooped?
- Arm weakness - can the person raise both arms?
- Speech problems - can the person speak clearly and understand what you say?
- Time - to call 999
Thrombolysis and Thrombectomy are acute stroke treatments which can improve recovery for stroke survivors in Scotland. Both these treatments are time sensitive so it’s really important to remember the FAST test and call 999 as soon as possible if you think someone is having a stroke. Quick reaction could help them be considered for specialist treatment to safe their life. Thrombolysis is an established acute stroke treatment throughout Scotland and roll out of a national thrombectomy service in NHS Scotland has commenced. Fast access to treatment saves lives and improves recovery. If you spot the signs of stroke, call 999 immediately.