People who have a Learning Disabilty have a significant, lifelong condition that started before adulthood and that affects their development. Their learning disability means that they need help to:

  • understand information
  • learn new skills
  • cope independently

Some people who have a learning disability have a complex pattern of needs that arises from other difficulties such as a physical disability, sensory impairment, mental health or well being issues, behavioural difficulties or additional healthcare needs.

The communication difficulties mentioned elsewhere in the speech and language therapy section of the website, can all occur in people who have a learning disability e.g. stammering, voice disorders, autism spectrum disorder

In addition, people in this client group also experience communication difficulties that are directly associated with their learning disability. They may have difficulty understanding spoken language or may have difficulty expressing themselves clearly to others.

All people with a learning disability should have access to a speacialist speech and language therapy service provided in the most suitable location.

In Fife there is a small Team of speech and language therapists who provide a Fife wide service to adults who have a learning disability.

The therapists endeavour to facilitate a smooth transition from the child service to the adult service and have systems in place to provide continuity of care if this is required.


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