Bladder problems

Stress urinary incontinence is leakage during activities such as coughing, laughing, sneezing or sports. Urinary urgency/urinary urge incontinence is a sudden feeling that you need to rush to the toilet that may also result in leakage. Post-micturition dribble is leakage of a few drops of urine after you have finished passing urine.
Prostatectomy is the most common cause of bladder leakage in men. Thankfully there is a lot you can do to help.

What can I do about it?

Bowel problems

Bowel or anal incontinence is accidental leakage of faeces from the bowel, or difficulty in controlling wind.

We have a section on bowel problems.

Sexual problems

Erectile dysfunction is not being able to gain or maintain an erection. Premature ejaculation is ejaculation during sexual activity sooner than you or your partner would like. There is a lot of evidence to suggest that pelvic floor exercises can help with sexual problems. Try the advice in the bladder problems section for help with finding your pelvic floor muscles and getting started with the exercises.

Pelvic pain

Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome, Chronic Prostatitis or Chronic Urogenital Pain Syndrome are all terms used to describe male pelvic pain. The pain can be felt in the low back, buttocks, coccyx (tailbone), hip, groin, abdomen, penis or scrotum. Once muscles and nerves in the pelvis start behaving abnormally, other organs can develop problems too. You may also have a problem with your bladder, bowel or sexual function. Chronic pain can lead to social withdrawal, loss of self-esteem, behavioural or emotional changes, anxiety or depression.

What can I do about it?


Coccydynia is pain that is felt over the coccyx (the tailbone that sits at the very bottom of the spine). The coccyx can become painful due to a fall, repetitive strain or surgery. It is usually worse when sitting, having a bowel movement or during sexual intercourse.

What can I do about it?

Read the NHS Fife Coccyx Pain Leaflet.