Bronchiectasis is defined as having inflamed, permanently and irreversibly damaged airways leading to symptoms of chronic cough, chronic sputum production and recurrent respiratory tract infections. The airways of the lungs become abnormally widened. This leads to a build up of excess mucus. This can make the airways of the lungs more vulnerable to infection.
The symptoms of bronchiectasis include:
- a persistent cough that usually brings up sputum (phlegm)
- coughing up or spitting out blood
Symptoms can vary widely. Some people only have a few symptoms that don't appear often. Others have wide ranging symptoms that occur daily.
The Chest Heart and Stroke Scotland website includes useful information on the causes and symptoms of bronchiectasis along with information booklets and frequently asked questions.