Getting your body ready
You’re much more likely to have a safe and healthy pregnancy if you’re taking good care of yourself. Your baby's health will be better too.
If possible, start planning at least 3 months before you stop taking contraception and trying for a baby.
To get in the best shape:
- aim for a healthy weight and diet
- take folic acid
- manage your medicines well
- look after your mental health
- make sure you've had your MMR vaccination
- drinking alcohol
- taking illegal drugs
Eating well and achieving a healthy weight's important for:
- fertility in men and women
- a healthy pregnancy and birth
You should aim to:
- be a healthy weight
- eat a healthy balanced diet
- be active every day
Women who are planning a pregnancy, or may become pregnant, should take a daily folic acid supplement. This reduces the risk of neural tube defects.
The recommended dosage is 400 micrograms:
- at least one month prior to pregnancy
- for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy
Positive mental health and wellbeing is important for you and your baby.
If you take medication for a mental health issue, speak to your GP or other health professional before becoming pregnant.
You should check if you're protected against rubella.
You're protected if you've had 2 doses of the MMR (mumps, measles and rubella) vaccine. If you're unsure, ask your GP to check your vaccine history. If you haven’t had 2 doses of MMR, ask to get the vaccination.
As a precaution, you should avoid becoming pregnant for one month after having the MMR vaccine.
If you're planning a pregnancy or think you could become pregnant, the safest approach is to not drink alcohol. This is because drinking in pregnancy can lead to long-term harm to your baby. The more you drink the greater the risk.
Men should avoid excessive drinking, which can affect fertility. If they choose to drink, stay within recommended limits.
If you're planning a pregnancy or think you could become pregnant, stop smoking as this can be harmful to you, your unborn baby and those around you.
If you take prescription or over-the-counter drugs, discuss this with your GP or community pharmacist to ensure they're safe to take during pregnancy.
No illegal drugs are safe for use in pregnancy or when planning pregnancy. If you're using illegal drugs and finding it difficult to stop, speak to your GP or health professional for help.
Being in a healthy and happy relationship before pregnancy is best for you and any children you may have.
If you have experienced any form of physical or psychological abuse or violence and would like support:
Translations and alternative formats of this information are available from Public Health Scotland.